Histograms

In our history class we have been studying the industrial revolution and Lenny have came uo with the idea od creating Histograms for different characters of the age.

With Clari Allende, we have chose Sarah Guppy who is a modest English engineer born in Birmingan in 1770 when the industrial revolution was powering its way through the northern and midland countries of England.

Here’s our feed, check it out

instagram.com/sarah__guppy1770

Mindmap Evolution of Capitalism

Together with Juan Cruz and Agus Bravo, we did this mind map for our history class about the evolution of capitalism.

Check it out 😉

 

Evening in Paradise

This is the analysis of the poem “Evening in Paradise” that we have done in our literature class.

Before reading the poem, do research on John Milton

-What kind of writer was he? Explain.

John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English metaphysical poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.

Metaphysical poet, any of the poets in 17th-century England who inclined to the personal and intellectual complexity and concentration. Their work is a blend of emotion and intellectual ingenuity, characterized by conceit or “wit”. Metaphysical poetry is less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, with the poet exploring the recesses of his consciousness. The boldness of the literary devices used—especially obliquity, irony, and paradox—are often reinforced by a dramatic directness of language and by rhythms derived from that of living speech.

Milton’s poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime

-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

In 1667, he published Paradise Lost in 10 volumes. It is considered his greatest work and the greatest epic poem written in English. The free-verse poem tells the story of how Satan tempted Adam and Eve, and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. In 1671, he published Paradise Regained, in which Jesus overcomes Satan’s temptations, and Samson Agonistes, in which Samson first succumbs to temptation and then redeems himself. A revised, 12-volume version of Paradise Lost was published in 1674.

-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)

Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober 
livery all things clad;
Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were 
slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous 
descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the 
firmament
With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led
The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon,
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent queen, unveiled her 
peerless light,
And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw;
When Adam thus to Eve: “Fair 
consort, the hour
Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,
Now falling with soft 
slumberous weight, inclines
Our eye-lids. Other creatures all day long
Rove 
idle, unemployed, and less need rest;
Man hath his daily work of body or mind
Appointed, which declares his dignity,
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
While other animals unactive range,
And of their doings God takes no account.
Tomorrow, ere fresh morning streak the east
With first approach of light, we must be risen,
And at our pleasant labour, to reform
Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown,
That mock our 
scant manuring, and require
More hands than ours to 
lop their wanton growth.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums,
That lie 
bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,
Ask 
riddance, if we mean to tread with ease.

John Milton (1608-1674)

The poem is an extract from the epic poem ʼParadise Lost’ where Milton explores Adam and Eve’s spectacular mucking up of a lifetime in paradise, while also giving us his insight into the primordial war between God and Satan.

In this section, we are presented with a resplendent image of dusk, which in its majesty calms and soothes the world to sleep. Milton’s Adam reflects upon the nature of day and night and basically tells us that we need to enjoy our slumber as in the day we need to be working hard to maintain the perfection of God’s creation.

As well as giving us a reflection upon this specific part of the Bible, there is a general message that permeates about how we should live our lives.

Vocabulary:

livery: a special uniform worn by a servant, an official, or a member 
of a City Company.

grassy: covered with grass. 

clad: archaic or literary past participle of clothe.

slink (slunk): move smoothly and quietly

nightingale: migratory birds of Europe, noted for the melodious song 
of the male, given chiefly at night during the breeding season.

descant: a melody or counterpoint accompanying a simple musical 
themeand usually written above it.

firmament: the vault of heaven; sky.

Hesperus – another name for Venus (the planet);

peerless: having no equal; matchless; unrivaled.

consort: a husband or wife; spouse, especially of a reigning monarch.

slumberous: causing or inducing sleep. 

idle: not working or active; unemployed; doing nothing. 

yonder: being the more distant or farther. 

scant: not abundant. 

lop: to cut off from a tree or other plant.

wanton: done, shown, used, etc., maliciously or unjustifiably. 

bestrew: to lie scattered over. 

riddance: relief or deliverance from something.

TASK 1

“THE FIRST 12 LINES SHOW AN ANALOGY BETWEEN EVENING AND PARADISE” ACCOUNT FOR THIS.

The first 12 lines show an analogy between evening and paradise. The writes expresses that night is beautiful, it’s the time when you rest, when you are at peace. This description of the night is used to explain heaven, paradise. Both have similar features, such as resting, being at peace, being beautiful, and so the explanation of the evening is used to compare and explain heaven too; that’s why it is said to be an analogy.

TASK 2

SEMANTIC FIELD: “DAY/NIGHT – NATURE – JEWELS”. QUOTE TO PROVE THIS.

-Day/night: “twiglight” “lightingale” “moon” “dark” “wakeful” “silence” “descant”

-Nature: “lightingale” “beast” “bird” “nests”

_Jewelry: “sapphires” “glowed” “hesperus” “brightest” “majesty”

TASK 3

FIND AT LEAST THREE LITERARY DEVICES AND EXPLAIN THE IMAPCT ON THE READER. WHY ARE THEY USED?

  1. Enjambent is used to catch the reader’s attention, to keep him trapped and following the poem until the end.
  2. There is a very powerful analogy  in the poem. There is an analogy between sleep and death. The poet is using the “night”, the “rest”, “noon” to explain a greater thing, heaven, death and afterlife. This is made because sometimes, to explain such a great and complex topic as death, it’s better to use analogies with normal, daily thing such as sleeping.
  3. Personification is also used in the poem. “Silence was now pleased.”. In this line we can see that there is a personification. SIlence is givene human characteristics, silence cannot be pleased. 

TASK 4

IS THE SCENE JUST PROTRAYED AS A PEACEFUL NATURAL SCENE? COULD THIS ALSO BE A FUNERAL SCENE? ACCOUNT FOR YOUR ANSWERS.

In my opinion, it can be seen from both point of views, since an analogy is made. The peacful natural scene could be sleeping, that could also be accositaed with death. But, now, it depends on what do you think when you think about a funeral scene. Aren’t funerals natural scenes? I think that they completely are because we are all surely going to die so it’s natural. Aren’t funerals peaceful? In my opinion they also are, maybe the person that died was suffering from a horrible disease and now she is in rest, finally tranquil.

TASK 5

Tutorial Activity

On our first Language & Lit tutorial, our teacher Pat Chujman, gave us the task to choose a song we liked to later analyse it as a poem.

I worked with Lulu Frias who chose the song “Skinny Love” by Bon Iver, and I chose “No Bravery” by James Blunt.

Hope you like it 😉

Here is the analysis each one has done.

 

 

Last History Virtual Period

 

Task:

Do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

The economic growth of Argentina in the second half of the 19th century went hand in hand with the laying of the railway lines. Many modern towns and cities began as small settlements around train stations.

In the early years, the railway was emblematic of the vast waves of European Immigration into the country, with many coming to work on and operate the railways and also in the sense that the population boom experienced as a result of this immigration required means of transportation to meet growing demands. Much like in the American West, the railways also played a key role in the creation and expansion of new population centres and boomtowns in remote parts of the country.

Britain had always been interested in Spanish America in general and Argentina in particular and signed various treaties in the 1850s, which laid the groundwork for massive investment in transport, communications and navigation.

The Western Rail Company was formed in 1855 with mainly local capitals in order to build the first railway line. This line ran from Parque Station (where the Colón Opera House stands today) to Flores, eight miles to the west. This line was officially opened in August 1857 and was subsequently extended(And it happens to be the line that I took everyday to work.)

Several smaller rail companies (and lines) were created after the Western Rail, like the Northern Railway of Buenos Aires, the Buenos Aires and Ensenada Railway, the East Argentine Railway or the Buenos Aires to Campana Line. These companies were eventually absorbed by bigger British-owned outfits like the Central Argentine Railway Ltd. and the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway Co. Ltd. The latter quoted on the London Stock Exchange.

In 1948, President Perón decided to nationalise the seven railway companies operating in Argentina at the time. This was considered a turning point because it was thought to bring about economic independence. All it did was deepen the economic crises from the 1950s onwards by contributing heavily towards the national budget deficits and deteriorate the quality of the rail service and the rolling stock in a downward spiral.

Map of the Argentinian railway in the XIX century

Advertisement for the Central Argentine Railway (1913). 

Ensayo “Los cuentos de Juan Rulfo”

Consigna:

Escribir un ensayo argumentativo en el cual se justifique la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, con la narrativa característica de los autores del boom latinoamericano.

“Los cuentos de Juan Rulfo”

Los cuentos “La Noche que lo Dejaron Solo” y “Nos Han Dado la Tierra” son obras del autor mexicano Juan Rulfo encontradas en su libro “El Llano en Llamas”, que mediante distintos factores se encarga de hacerle conocer al mundo lo que es la vida en Latino américa. Con este único hecho, podemos caracterizar las obras de Juan Rulfo dentro del fenómeno editorial conocido como el Boom Latinoamericano, donde los autores participantes del mismo escriben con sentido propio, historias en espacios rurales rodeados de una naturaleza excesiva y influenciadas por las condiciones políticas y sociales de los países de donde son oriundos.

 

Juan Rulfo, nacido en la Ciudad de México en 1917 es uno de los principales pilares de este fenómeno y al analizar sus cuentos, podemos entender por qué tienen una gran influencia en esta explosión literaria. Mediante distintas técnicas y recapitulando diversos momentos de su vida, en sus dos cuentos próximos a analizar, trataremos de entender cómo Rulfo se ingenia para transmitir una imagen latinoamericana tan viva a aquellos atravesando el océano.

 

Una de las características latinoamericanas que Rulfo se enfoca en destacar es la política que prevalece en estas tierras en formación. Distinta, en ciertas medidas, a la Europa; Rulfo describe adecuadamente la vida bajo las autoridades autocráticas opresivas. “Mi mayor dice que si no viene de hoy a mañana, acabalamos con el primero que pase y así se cumplirán las órdenes” es una cita del cuento La Noche que lo Dejaron Solo, donde se refleja claramente la imposición de órdenes puesta en los pobladores y la injusticia social, donde hubieran sido capaces de arrestar a un inocente, sin preocuparse por hacer justicia, sino por el simple hecho de cumplir. Ubica las historias en un contexto de guerras civiles desencadenadas por rebeliones y sublevaciones, donde los personajes no demandan poder o riquezas como pasaría en Europa, sino una vida digna, donde por lo menos se les otorga el derecho de ser tratados decentemente como seres humanos.

Esta misma política se encuentra en Nos Han Dado la Tierra, el otro cuento de Rulfo, donde el gobierno se aprovecha de la inferioridad e inocencia de campesinos y los estafa sin el mínimo pudor. Se puede ver en el momento donde los cuatro peregrinos recuerdan su intento de conversación con el delegado, que descortesmente responde “Es al latifundio al que tienen que atacar, no al Gobierno que les da la tierra” a la inquietud de los hombres de saber como iban a vivir en esa tierra totalmente inútil. Estos son algunos de los muchos casos que Rulfo expone en sus textos, donde la corrupción y el fraude prevalecen como cualidades principales de la política latinoamericana de esta época, junto con la falta de derechos humanos que se presenta en la mayoría de la población.

 

Otro aspecto que el escritor mexicano se centra en destacar es la naturaleza, tan característica de América Latina. Podemos decir que esa bóveda verde que abunda en todos los rincones de la región es casi lo más propio de ella.  Rulfo, en sus cuentos, sostiene su presencia desde el primer renglón hasta el último. Con su constante interacción en el relato, pasa a denominarse como un agente interno del escenario. “Lo despertó el frío de la madrugada. La humedad del rocío.” es un ejemplo de ello, donde los personajes se ven interactuando y conviviendo con ella, siendo su existencia se ve afectada por la vida propia de la naturaleza.

 

Analizando el otro cuento, podemos ver como la naturaleza se encuentra igual de presente, e incluso revelandose de una forma extraordinaria. “Ahora si se mira el cielo se ve a la nube aguacera corriéndose muy lejos, a toda prisa.” La naturaleza exuberante e indómita, exhibiendose en forma de nube, se refleja incluso con cualidades humanas, derivando en el realismo mágico; un género literario finamente vinculado con el Boom Latinoamericano.

 

Un último recurso utilizado por Rulfo que demuestra la relación con este fenómeno editorial está relacionado al léxico. Si bien el vocabulario utilizado refleja una literatura culta, con estudios previos y buen manejo de los recursos en casi todo el desarrollo de ambos cuentos, Rulfo se percata y decide en algunos momentos interferir el texto con palabras como “cochal”, “lumbre”, “mezquite”, “barda”, “tepetate”, “trementina”, “carrileras”, entre otras. Según mi parecer, el escritor mexicano toma esta medida como una forma distinta de hacer conocer América Latina, ya que a diferencia de con la política o con la naturaleza, la presenta con una identidad propia creada por los mismos latinoamericanos sin influencia europea. Con esto se ilumina la idea de que los latinoamericanos si bien se desarrollan con costumbres europeas, también lo hacen con la de los pueblos originarios, dejando en claro que ya están suficientemente capacitados para cultivar su propia cultura y vivir siendo auténticos latinoamericanos.

 

En conclusión, podemos calificar a Juan Rulfo como un excelente escritor que explorando distintos factores como la política, la naturaleza y el léxico, ha sido capaz de pasar en papel todo lo que él ha observado y analizado de sus experiencias en la vida latinoamericana. Sus cuentos “La Noche que lo Dejaron Solo” y “Nos Han Dado la Tierra” no dejan duda de su ingenio para transmitir esto y recrear la tierra latinoamericana en la mente de personas en todo el mundo.

Versen Written on her death bed

Literature Work “verse written on her death bed”
Publicado el 21/09/2017 por agustinbravo
In Literature, we started working with the poem “Verse Written in her death bed”. With Agustin Reynal and Agustin Bravo, we developed the following task and answered the questions.

Literature Work
Overview

This is a beautiful and moving poem filled with the romance of a woman who feels she has truly found her soul mate.

Read the poem

Verse written on her death bed

Thou who dost all my worldly thoughts employ,
Thou pleasing source of all my earthly joy,
Thou tenderest husband and thou dearest friend,
To thee this first, this last adieu I send!
At length the conqueror death asserts his right,
And will for ever veil me from thy sight;
He wooes me to him with a cheerful grace,
And not one terror clouds his meagre face;
He promises a lasting rest from pain,
And shews that all life’s fleeting joys are vain;
Th’ eternal scenes of heaven he sets in view,
And tells me that no other joys ar true.
But love, fond love, would yet resist his power,
Would fain awhile defer the parting hour;
He brings thy mourning image to my eyes,
And would obstruct my journey to the skies.
But say, thou dearest, thou unwearied friend!
Say, should’st thou grieve to see my sorrows end?
Thou know’st a painful pilgrimage I’ve past;
And should’st thou grieve that rest is come at last?
Rather rejoice to see me shake off life,
And die as I have liv’d, thy faithful wife.

Mary Monck (?-1715)

Work in pairs and include:

1-data about the writer and context of production

2-whether this poem is based on her life or not

3-themes and tones

4-literary devices used by the poet to put across her message

5-personal conclusion on the poem

Virtual Period

-choose a song that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it.

-Post it in your blog

Deadline: September 25

1.Mary Monck was a Scottish poet and a translator of chiefly Italian works. She was the second daughter of a wealthy British aristocrat, with strong Irish connections who married a chap called George Monck in Ireland and then died in 1715. Her writings seem to have been largely confined to a private social circle during her lifetime. Most of them were published posthumously by her father. What may perhaps have been the one poem missing from her papers, and omitted from Marinda, was not published until 1755. This is the touching poem written on her death-bed, as a ‘faithful wife’ to her ‘tend’rest husband’. This clearly became her most popular poem and is the one poem by her which did circulate widely in manuscript.

2.Yes, the poem is kind of autobiographical, as it is clearly based on the writer’s life, and her marriage with George Monck. In this poem, Mary refers to her real marriage mixing both love and death.

3.The themes are in our opinion True love and Mortality, as Mary refers to her marriage and husband mixing both, while the voice expresses a tone very emotional and gentle.

4.In the first lines we can spot a constant use of superlatives that helps in giving hyperbolic language to the poem, emphasising the voice’s love. The repetition of ‘all’ emphasises the fact that he is the only person in her life, and we can later see how the “conqueror” is personified as death. Enjambment is used in lines 13 and 17 to show that she stumbles when considering the love and the man she is leaving behind. In the final section, rhetorical questions are used to convince her husband that her death is for the best.

5.The poem is a very interesting one, which deals with many different emotions as the writer Mary Wonck explores her marriage with George Wonck. We believe the poem is very nice as it mixes many different feelings such as true love and death or mortality. The voice has an amazing love for her husband and shows how she is afraid of dying, as her husband would be left completely alone and heartbroken. In conclusion, with different devices Mary shows well how she can not accept death as she loves too much George and can not get separated from him.

VIRTUAL PERIOD TASK

The song I chose was “I will follow you into the dark”, from Death Cab for Cutie

 

In my opinion, this song is very nice and it tackles the same topics as the poem. The song shows well although there may be true love in a relationship, one day, death will come, and of course it will be something to fear. Death would leave as a consequence one of the lovers alone and heartbroken, but still humans are mortal and both love and death are something common and important in life.

Napoleonic Code

This is our virtual period of the week.

“Find the most important characteristics of the Napoleonic Code and the innovations it introduced.”

Napoleon saw equality as a politically useful concept that he could maintain with little threat to his position. After all, everyone, at least all men, were equally under his power. One of his main accomplishments as a ruler was the establishment of the famous Napoleonic Civil Law Codes, shortly known as Napoleonic Code which recognized that all men were equal before the law and guaranteed freedom of religion as well as a person’s right to work in any occupation.

My true glory is not to have won 40 battles…Waterloo will erase the memory of so many victories….but…what will live forever, is my Civil Code.”

  • It divides Civil Law into personal status, property and aquisition of property.
  • It spurred the development of bourgeois society in Europe by expanding the right to own property and breaking the back of feudalism.
  • it embodied Enlightment principles.
  • Women lost newly gained rights.